Good ASP.NET Interview Questions.

Question: Can you define basic element of WebServices and explain any one from them?
Answer: These are as follows SOAP, WSDL and UDDI. And I am explaining about the SOAP(Simple Object Access Protocol) it is a communication protocol it is for communication between application it is platform and language independent.It is based on XML and also help to get from Firwall.

Explain functioning of Web Services Protocols ?
Answer: Http-Get:- This is standard protocol that helps client to communicate with server with HTTP.When client send a request to server via HTTP request and reuired parameter are attached with the querystring.Example:- and we get the value from querystring.

Http-Post:-This is same as Http-Get but the diffrence is that in place of sending parameters onto the URL information is send with HTTP request message with some extra information which contains Parameters and their values.This Protocols is limited to sending name/value pairs.
SOAP:-The only diffrence is that its relies on the XML as compares to Http-Get,Http-Post.SOAP can send not only the name/value pairs but also some complex object also as for example datatypes,class,objects.SOAP can also uses request/reponse model as Http-Get,Http-post but it is not limited to Request/Response it can also send types of message.Because its uses XML that is pure text so firewalls not created so much problem because its easily converted in to HTML. .

What is Asp Net Web Services ?
Answer: Web services are programmable business logic components that provide access to functionality through the Internet. Standard protocols like HTTP can be used to access them. Web services are based on the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), which is an application of XML. Web services are given the .asmx extension..

Question: Define Protocols that helps Web Services in Asp Net?
Answer: From my point of view Web Services used three protocols for interacting with the clients.Http-Post,Http-Get,SOAP.

Question: What are VSDISCO files ?
Answer: VSDISCO files are DISCO files that enable dynamic discovery of Web Services. ASP.NET links the VSDISCO to a HTTP handler that scans the host directory and subdirectories for ASMX and DISCO files and returns a dynamically generated DISCO document. A client who requests a VSDISCO file gets back what appears to be a static DISCO document.

Question: What is UDDI ?
Answer: UDDI stands for Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration. It is like an "Yellow Pages" for Web Services. It is maintained by Microsoft, IBM, and Ariba, and is designed to provide detailed information regarding registered Web Services for all vendors. The UDDI can be queried for specific Web Services.

Question: Is it possible to generate the source code for an ASP.NET Web service from a WSDL ?
Answer: The Wsdl.exe tool (.NET Framework SDK) can be used to generate source code for an ASP.NET web service with its WSDL link.
Example: wsdl /server

Question: Write query to get datetime in different format ?
Answer:- select convert(varchar, getdate(), 1)
Output:- 12/30/06
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 2)
Output:- 06.12.30
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 3)
Output:- 30/12/06
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 4)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 5)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 6)
Output:-30 Dec 06
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 7)
Output:-Dec 30, 06
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 10)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 11)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 101)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 102)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 103)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 104)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 105)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 106)
Output:-30 Dec 2006
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 107)
Output:-Dec 30, 2006
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 110)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 111)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 8)
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 9)
Output:- Dec 30 2006 12:38:54:840AM
select convert(varchar, getdate(), 14)
Output:- 00:38:54:840

Question: Write a query when we need a common row between two tables ?
Answer:- We use intersect to do this
SELECT col1,col2,col3 FROM table1
SELECT col1,col2,col3 FROM table2

Question: Write a query when we need a copy structure of one table to another table or you can say example of cloneing ?
Answer:- select * into tabel1 from table2

Question: Write a query when we need a row that are not common between two tables ?
Answer:- We use EXCEPT to do this
SELECT col1,col2,col3 FROM table1
SELECT col1,col2,col3 FROM table2

Question: Find top salary among two tables (table1,table2) ?
Answer:- SELECT TOP 1 sal FROM (SELECT MAX(sal) AS sal FROM table1 UNION SELECT MAX(sal) AS sal FROM table2) a ORDER BY sal DESC

Question: Write an query to get Max,Min,Second max number from the table?
Answer:- (i) select max(id) from emp
we can get the max id value from this query .
(ii) select min(id) from emp
we can get min id value fom the table emp.
(iii)select max(id) from emp where id<(select max(id) from emp)
this query is combinination of two sql query.

1. Describe the role of inetinfo.exe, aspnet_isapi.dll andaspnet_wp.exe in the page loading process.
inetinfo.exe is theMicrosoft IIS server running, handling ASP.NET requests among other things.When an ASP.NET request is received (usually a file with .aspx extension), the ISAPI filter aspnet_isapi.dll takes care of it by passing the request tothe actual worker process aspnet_wp.exe.

2. What’s the difference between Response.Write() andResponse.Output.Write()?
Response.Output.Write() allows you to write formatted output.

3. What methods are fired during the page load?
Init() - when the page is instantiated
Load() - when the page is loaded into server memory
PreRender() - the brief moment before the page is displayed to the user as HTML
Unload() - when page finishes loading.

4. When during the page processing cycle is ViewState available?
After the Init() and before the Page_Load(), or OnLoad() for a control.

5. What namespace does the Web page belong in the .NET Framework class hierarchy?

6. Where do you store the information about the user’s locale?

7. What’s the difference between Codebehind="MyCode.aspx.cs" andSrc="MyCode.aspx.cs"?
CodeBehind is relevant to Visual Studio.NET only.

8. What’s a bubbled event?
When you have a complex control, like DataGrid, writing an event processing routine for each object (cell, button, row, etc.) is quite tedious. The controls can bubble up their eventhandlers, allowing the main DataGrid event handler to take care of its constituents.

9. Suppose you want a certain ASP.NET function executed on MouseOver for a certain button. Where do you add an event handler?
Add an OnMouseOver attribute to the button. Example: btnSubmit.Attributes.Add("onmouseover","someClientCodeHere();");

10. What data types do the RangeValidator control support?
Integer, String, and Date.

11. Explain the differences between Server-side and Client-side code?
Server-side code executes on the server. Client-side code executes in the client's browser.

12. What type of code (server or client) is found in a Code-Behind class?
The answer is server-side code since code-behind is executed on the server. However, during the code-behind's execution on the server, it can render client-side code such as JavaScript to be processed in the clients browser. But just to be clear, code-behind executes on the server, thus making it server-side code.

13. Should user input data validation occur server-side or client-side? Why?
All user input data validation should occur on the server at a minimum. Additionally, client-side validation can be performed where deemed appropriate and feasable to provide a richer, more responsive experience for the user.

14. What is the difference between Server.Transfer and Response.Redirect? Why would I choose one over the other?
Server.Transfer transfers page processing from one page directly to the next page without making a round-trip back to the client's browser. This provides a faster response with a little less overhead on the server. Server.Transfer does not update the clients url history list or current url. Response.Redirect is used to redirect the user's browser to another page or site. This performas a trip back to the client where the client's browser is redirected to the new page. The user's browser history list is updated to reflect the new address.

15. Can you explain the difference between an ADO.NET Dataset and an ADO Recordset?
Valid answers are:
• A DataSet can represent an entire relational database in memory, complete with tables, relations, and views.
• A DataSet is designed to work without any continuing connection to the original data source.
• Data in a DataSet is bulk-loaded, rather than being loaded on demand.
• There's no concept of cursor types in a DataSet.
• DataSets have no current record pointer You can use For Each loops to move through the data.
• You can store many edits in a DataSet, and write them to the original data source in a single operation.
• Though the DataSet is universal, other objects in ADO.NET come in different versions for different data sources.

16. What is the Global.asax used for?
The Global.asax (including the Global.asax.cs file) is used to implement application and session level events.

17. What are the Application_Start and Session_Start subroutines used for?
This is where you can set the specific variables for the Application and Session objects.

18. Can you explain what inheritance is and an example of when you might use it?
When you want to inherit (use the functionality of) another class. Example: With a base class named Employee, a Manager class could be derived from the Employee base class.

19. Whats an assembly?
Assemblies are the building blocks of the .NET framework. Overview of assemblies from MSDN

20. Describe the difference between inline and code behind.
Inline code written along side the html in a page. Code-behind is code written in a separate file and referenced by the .aspx page.

21. Explain what a diffgram is, and a good use for one?
The DiffGram is one of the two XML formats that you can use to render DataSet object contents to XML. A good use is reading database data to an XML file to be sent to a Web Service.

22. Whats MSIL, and why should my developers need an appreciation of it if at all?
MSIL is the Microsoft Intermediate Language. All .NET compatible languages will get converted to MSIL. MSIL also allows the .NET Framework to JIT compile the assembly on the installed computer.

23. Which method do you invoke on the DataAdapter control to load your generated dataset with data?
The Fill() method.

24. Can you edit data in the Repeater control?
No, it just reads the information from its data source.

25. Which template must you provide, in order to display data in a Repeater control?

26. How can you provide an alternating color scheme in a Repeater control?
Use the AlternatingItemTemplate.

27. What property must you set, and what method must you call in your code, in order to bind the data from a data source to the Repeater control?
You must set the DataSource property and call the DataBind method.

28. What base class do all Web Forms inherit from?
The Page class.

29. Name two properties common in every validation control?
ControlToValidate property and Text property.

30. Which property on a Combo Box do you set with a column name, prior to setting the DataSource, to display data in the combo box?
DataTextField property.

31. Which control would you use if you needed to make sure the values in two different controls matched?
CompareValidator control.

32. How many classes can a single .NET DLL contain?
It can contain many classes.

Web Service Questions
1. What is the transport protocol you use to call a Web service?
SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) is the preferred protocol.

2. True or False: A Web service can only be written in .NET?

3. What does WSDL stand for?
Web Services Description Language.

4. Where on the Internet would you look for Web services?

5. True or False: To test a Web service you must create a Windows application or Web application to consume this service?
False, the web service comes with a test page and it provides HTTP-GET method to test.

State Management Questions
1. What is ViewState?
ViewState allows the state of objects (serializable) to be stored in a hidden field on the page. ViewState is transported to the client and back to the server, and is not stored on the server or any other external source. ViewState is used the retain the state of server-side objects between postabacks.

2. What is the lifespan for items stored in ViewState?
Item stored in ViewState exist for the life of the current page. This includes postbacks (to the same page).

3. What does the "EnableViewState" property do? Why would I want it on or off?
It allows the page to save the users input on a form across postbacks. It saves the server-side values for a given control into ViewState, which is stored as a hidden value on the page before sending the page to the clients browser. When the page is posted back to the server the server control is recreated with the state stored in viewstate.

4. What are the different types of Session state management options available with ASP.NET?
ASP.NET provides In-Process and Out-of-Process state management. In-Process stores the session in memory on the web server. This requires the a "sticky-server" (or no load-balancing) so that the user is always reconnected to the same web server. Out-of-Process Session state management stores data in an external data source. The external data source may be either a SQL Server or a State Server service. Out-of-Process state management requires that all objects stored in session are serializable.

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