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Architecture Interview Questions

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Create roaming profile in server 2008

Asked By: vmvedpathak | Asked On: Jun 19th, 2012

How to create roaming profile in server 2008? If any screen shots step by step

Answered by: Hariomsharma on: Oct 5th, 2014

This condition arise in jk flip flop. when input j and k both are high means J=K=1. in this situation output meet in toggle condition(continuously in 0,1) .means output race to come (low,high.high,l...

What is the race around condition? How can it be overcome?

Asked By: Interview Candidate | Asked On: Apr 26th, 2005

Answered by: Rajpraveen on: Aug 17th, 2014

Race around condition arises in J-K flip flop when both J=K=1 & it can be overcome by using master slave JK flip flops.

Answered by: rhuturaj mishra on: May 20th, 2014

I guess ur answer is wrong....since there is no race around in SR filp flop but in fact S=1 and R=1 condition in SR flip flop is a prohibited or not allowed condition

What is the difference between a latch and a flip flop?

Asked By: Interview Candidate | Asked On: Apr 26th, 2005

Answered by: Abel Abraham on: Jan 28th, 2013

Latches do not have clock signal as input, while flip flops do.

Answered by: Abhinav @ BVB on: Jan 4th, 2012

LATCH: The latches are nothing but most basic types of flip-flops. the latches are level sensitive whereas flip-flops are edge sensitive. Thus the change of state in a latch will occur even for a...

What is bus contention and how do you eliminate it?

Asked By: Interview Candidate | Asked On: Apr 26th, 2005

Answered by: RUCHI PUROHIT on: Nov 6th, 2012

Bus contention is when more than one device tries to drive data line at the same time. If one device is trying to drive it high and other tries to drive low then, we call it bus contention. Methods to...

Answered by: sefali on: Nov 25th, 2011

We can avoid contention by using -
1 local memory
2 dual- port memory


Asked By: sabitas | Asked On: Oct 29th, 2009

Explain virtual memory, logical memory and cache memory. How do they differ from one another?

Answered by: vishal on: Sep 24th, 2011

Virtual Memory is same as Logical Memory, it is logical representation of memory reserved and can be controlled by programmer. Operating System introduces virtual memory concept which in-powers progra...

ASP.Net design patterns

Asked By: pritamde | Asked On: Dec 15th, 2009

Explain various ASP.Net design patterns and the advantages of using them.

Answered by: bkktppi on: Jul 18th, 2011

Design Patterns Design patterns are recognized solutions to common problems defined originally by the Gang of Four programmers. Design patterns are used throughout the ASP.NET Framework. The various ...

Release independent files in ASP.Net

Asked By: pritamde | Asked On: Dec 15th, 2009

Why CSS, images, Javascript, XML can be used as release independent files in ASP.Net? What are the other types that can be release independent?

Answered by: Latia on: Jul 12th, 2011

Because the files don't need to be compiled

Msi build

Asked By: pritamde | Asked On: Dec 15th, 2009

How can we perform an msi build? What is the advantage of the same w.R.T other deployment options?

Answered by: vivek1311 on: Sep 1st, 2010

You can use Windows Installer or latest versions of Install Shield.MSI installers are Microsoft recommended for installations, and its advantages are silent/ network installations, automatic repair of deleted components/ files, and alleviated user rights during installations.

Embedded resources in ASP.Net

Asked By: pritamde | Asked On: Dec 15th, 2009

What is meant by embedded resources in ASP.Net? What are the advantages of using the same?

Answered by: vaishalibharat on: Mar 17th, 2010

Embedding resource is the way using which we can deploy the image file or javascript file as the part of assembly. These files can then be easily accessed without having to worry about deployment issu...

Answered by: PhilipChao on: Jan 1st, 2010

The ability to make the file or image accessible from your server control’s assembly.By this way, We can put related javascript/image all togather to avoid deployment problem

Soa in ASP.Net

Asked By: pritamde | Asked On: Dec 15th, 2009

Elaborate on why we should use soa in ASP.Net

Answered by: santodip on: Feb 11th, 2010

SOA is used so that a particular functional module can be treated as a separate service. Any other module can access that service. So a bigger application consituting many modules does not have to think about integration, it's all about accessing the service

What is cache?

Asked By: Interview Candidate | Asked On: Jul 11th, 2005

Answered by: pritamde on: Dec 15th, 2009

Caching is the mechanism that allows frequently requested pages to be stored in the primary memory for faster retrieval. It helps to reduce network traffic.

Answered by: Saravanan nethaji on: Mar 4th, 2007

Cache is used to store the values of the oftenly used values. It will store the value in cache memory and when ever we want that values we can get the required value from the cache if we stored the value in the cache.

Hashtable caching

Asked By: pritamde | Asked On: Dec 15th, 2009

How can we use hashtable caching? What is the advantage of using the same?

The characters entered through keyboard gets converted to equivalent ascii code & stored on ram in the binary form. What is exact procedure to happens on hardware that converts the ascii value to equivalent...

Asked By: Amol B Jadhav | Asked On: Sep 16th, 2005

Answered by: adaptiveint on: Jul 1st, 2009

The keyboard itself sends a binary signal to the keyboard driver of the OS, which then interprets the signal from  the keyboard as the OS sees fit - in Windows, these values are generally stored as 2-byte ANSI Unicode values based on the language code page in use.

Answered by: kanwal_hans on: Apr 14th, 2006

Not exactly, the keys from the keyboard are not directly converted to ASCII values, keyboard generated a specific key code for every key pressed which is not the ASCII equivalent of that key. This key...

The number or character entered through keyboard gets converted to equivalent ascii code & it get stored on ram in the binary form. What is the exact procedureon hardware that converts the ascii value...

Asked By: Amol B Jadhav | Asked On: Sep 16th, 2005

Does not know

Answered by: Jackkkkk on: Jun 2nd, 2009

Through logic gates one can convert the ASCII value to corresponding binary value.You can prepare a look up table (of say 4 inputs and 4 outputs), then make a K-map to reduce the binary expression relating the inputs and outputs. Than make the logic gate corresponding to the binary expression.

Answered by: tguclu on: Oct 31st, 2007

There must a kind of shift register that converts the hexadecimal representation character of ascii value to series of ones and zeros

What is pipelining?

Asked By: Interview Candidate | Asked On: Aug 12th, 2005

Answered by: ptharak on: Oct 20th, 2008

By writing Disablecookies

Answered by: KishoreDodda on: Nov 9th, 2006

Hello,I found this interesting article on Pipelining...go through it...good info.

In designing component package / framework using interface programming, where is the best place to put the interfaces to reduce dependencies? In a single assembly that is referenced by other assemblies....

Asked By: J.Chandra | Asked On: Apr 18th, 2006

Answered by: dubouku on: Jul 26th, 2008

One of the Architectural goal of the interface is to create rules/contract for defining of what needs to be done in the component/implementation and most of the time you end up creating for specific l...

Answered by: AryanTah on: Mar 14th, 2007

I believe this depends on the kind of interface and component you are designing. If you indend to share your interface among different assemblies then it makes sense to place the interface in a client assembly.

Explain what is dma?

Asked By: Interview Candidate | Asked On: Jul 8th, 2005

Answered by: p.godnil on: May 24th, 2008

DMA(direct memory acesses) it is used to transfer the data from the memory to i/o devices or vice versa without the intervention of processor.         &nbs...

Answered by: CCs on: Jul 8th, 2005

I think this is about hardware architecture, so DMA stands for Direct Memory Access -- transferring the content of the memory to a I/O device (or back) without using the processor. Sending network packets, palying music etc

What is autoeventfireup ?

Asked By: jbhaskar | Asked On: Mar 3rd, 2007

Answered by: vijayhari on: May 12th, 2008

Some cases we may need to set this event to true. In those cases we need to handle the events within the postback check.

Answered by: Damodar on: Mar 27th, 2007

It will set a value to false or true which tells whether the ASP.NET pages are automatically connected to the event handling functions or not.By default it will be set to False.If it is set to true handlers will be executed twice.

What is a managed code.Is 'dim fs as filestreamobject' is a managed code?

Asked By: deepu | Asked On: May 17th, 2006

Answered by: Jagtar on: Nov 2nd, 2006

Managed code it that which must be care by any intermediate manager. for eg. in dot net it is a interpreater based language. Allocation of memory is done by CLR. Garbage collection also plays a valuable role to manage the memory. and other featuers like security etc are also taking care by CLR.

Answered by: balajifortest on: Sep 28th, 2006

Hai,   Managed Code that is executed under the control of CLR  which uses .net BCL in it.FileStream Class is present in System.IO namespace so that it also falls under Managed Code. 

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