What is Dispatcher?

->Dispatcher module gives control of the CPU to the process selected by the short-term scheduler; this involves:Switching contextSwitching to user modeJumping to the proper location in the user program to restart that program Dispatch latency time it takes for the dispatcher to stop one process and start another running.

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The short-term scheduler (also known as the dispatcher) decides which of the ready, in memory processes are to be executed (allocated a CPU) next, following a clock interrupt, an IO interrupt, an operating system call or another form of signal. Thus the short-term scheduler makes scheduling decisions much more frequently than the long-term or mid-term schedulers - a scheduling decision will at a minimum have to be made after every time slice, and these are very short. This scheduler can be preemptive, implying that it is capable of forcibly removing processes from a CPU when it decides to allocate that CPU to another process, or non-preemptive, in which case the scheduler is unable to "force" processes off the CPU.

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