Submitted Questions

  • Memory or mini Dump

    What is memory or mini Dump analysis ? how do you analysis memory or mini dump file?

    Latheesh M

    • Jun 20th, 2017

    It is a dump file which is created whenever system crashes with BSOD issues.

    Nilesh Jadav

    • Jul 7th, 2016

    A memory dump is a process in which the contents of memory are displayed and stored in case of an application or system crash. Memory dump helps software developers and system administrators to diagnose, identify and resolve the problem that led to application or system failure.

  • Distributed File System Replication

    What is DFSR (distributed file system replication)?


    • Jul 13th, 2016

    The Distributed File System Replication (DFSR) service is a new multi-master replication engine that is used to keep folders synchronized on multiple servers. Replicating data to multiple servers increases data availability and gives users in remote sites fast, reliable access to files.

  • Distributed File System

    What is DFS (Distributed File System) ?


    • Jul 19th, 2016

    A distributed file system is a client/server-based application that allows clients to access and process data stored on the server as if it were on their own computer. When a user accesses a file on t...


    • Jul 19th, 2016

    Distributed file System (DFS) is a set of client and server services that allow an organization using Microsoft Windows servers to organize many distributed SMB file shares into a distributed file system.

  • DNS Server Faults

    What is the command to find DNS Server faults? Explain in brief.


    • Jun 9th, 2016

    There are three commands to troubleshoot : NSLOOKUP , IPCONFIG /registerdns and IPCONFIG /displaydns

    masududzaman khan

    • Feb 1st, 2016

    Nslookup for find DNS, for DNS quick resolution: ipconfig/all then ping the IP address with -a switch

  • DNS Query

    What is DNS Query? Explain the types of DNS queries?


    • Jun 23rd, 2017

    Iterative Query
    Recursive Query


    • Aug 17th, 2016

    There are 2 type of DNS query.
    1- Recursive
    2- Iterative

  • intersite and intrasite replication?

    What is intersite and intrasite replication in Active Directory?

    Mahipal Singh

    • Oct 11th, 2017

    Intersite replication between one domain to another domain over the WAN link through BHD server. Intrasite replication between within the domain.


    • Apr 2nd, 2015

    Intersite replication between one domain to another domain over the WAN link through BHD server. Intrasite replication between within the domain.

  • How do you install print server in windows 2008 /2008 R2 server core?

    Mahipal Singh

    • Oct 11th, 2017

    Install-WindowsFeature Print-Services


    • Apr 28th, 2015

    •For the Print Server feature, type the following at a command prompt:

    Dism /online /enable-feature /featurename:Printing-ServerCore-Role
    For 32-bit Print Server support type the following at a command prompt:
    Dism /online /enable-feature /featurename:Printing-ServerCore-Role-WOW64

  • Which FSMO roles are not transferable in Active Directory domain?

    Mahipal Singh

    • Oct 11th, 2017

    Schema Master FSMO Role The schema master FSMO role holder is the DC responsible for performing updates to the directory schema (that is, the schema naming context or LDAP://cn=schema,cn=configurat...

    Sanjeev kumar Jha

    • Apr 19th, 2015

    All active directory FSMO roles are transferable and sizable. For transferring/sizing Schema Master Role you have to first register schmmgmt.dll through cmd then add Schema snap in from MMC command and transfer schema master.

  • Windows Power user groups

    What is the difference between power user group in XP and power user group in windows 7?


    • Sep 8th, 2013

    By default, members of this group have no more user rights or permissions than a standard user account. The Power Users group in previous versions of Windows was designed to give users specific admini...


    • Jun 24th, 2013

    Basically, Power Users can: Run legacy applications, in addition to Windows 2000 or Windows XP Professional certified applications. Install programs that do not modify operating system files or inst...

  • What is UAC (User Account control)?

    Santosh Kumar Sha

    • Jul 5th, 2013

    User account control setting is a tools for administration that raise & alert if you modify the privilege of administrator.user account control protect your computer from malicious software because it allow user to notice when a document & program trying access.


    • Jun 8th, 2013

    User Account Control (UAC) is a feature in Windows that can help prevent unauthorized changes to your computer. UAC does this by asking you for permission or an administrator‌ password before perfor...

  • Where are cluster logs stored?


    • Sep 17th, 2014

    The log file is stored in systemrootsystem32winevtLogs.


    • Nov 6th, 2013

    As most of us know on Windows Server 2003 Cluster, we used to have ?cluster.log? file on each node participating in cluster, which contains debug information. FYI, One can locate these files in %systemroot% cluster Folder.

  • Define hosts and LM hosts file?


    • Jun 4th, 2013

    The "HOSTS" file contains entries that simulate "A" records in DNS (and PTR records, too). Only DNS-legal names are allowed in this file. The "LMHOSTS" file contains entries that simulate NetBIOS nam...

    Linda Calkins

    • May 30th, 2013

    HOSTS file A text file in a TCP/IP network that specifies the IP addresses of computer names and domain names (the hostnames). The LMHOSTS (LAN Manager Hosts) file is used to enable domain name resolution under Windows when other methods, such as WINS, fail.

  • what does NTDS.DIT stand for?


    • Aug 11th, 2017



    • Jul 12th, 2015

    NTDS.DIT is nothing but new technology directory services. Directory information tree. This is a database filename of Active Directory.The file size of NTDS.DIT is variable.The default locationof NTDS.DIT is c:windows

  • Explain patch, hotfix and service pack?

    Anthony Zahler

    • May 2nd, 2016

    Service Packs: A major collection of patches and hotfixes since the last major release or previous SP.

    Patches: Regular releases to fix known issues, security or bug fixes.

    Hotfixes: Specific security or bug fix for a singular issue, usually released out of normal patch Tuesday.

    Manjunath Achar

    • Dec 18th, 2013

    Patch: Microsoft Patch contain the updates for the application and improve the performance and clear the bugs Hot fix: this is also same like patch but the hot fill comes along with the new future an...

  • Logical / Physical Structures

    What are the Logical / Physical Structures of the AD Environment?

    Nadeem Ahmad

    • Dec 6th, 2014

    Active directory consists of a series of components that constitute both its logical structure and its physical structure.
    Logical : Object, OU, Domain, Tree, Forest.
    Physical : DC & Site.

    Showkat Mir

    • May 27th, 2014

    Active Directory Logical components are Forests, Trees, Domains, OUs and Objects.

    Active Directory Physical components are Domain Controllers, Sites and subnets.

  • What is SYSVOL Folder?


    • Mar 2nd, 2015

    The Sysvol Folders contains the Replica of Domain Controller - Which Contains Users , Computers and Network Shared devices information in Domain


    • Jul 18th, 2013

    SYSVOL folder contains the GPTs, GPCs .

  • What if a FSMO server role fails?


    • Mar 6th, 2015

    That is background role of domain level to maintain the network for easy communication. there are five rules comes in FSMO.


    • Feb 23rd, 2015

    Using Ntdsutil.exe to transfer or seize FSMO roles to a domain controller

  • What is the difference between win XP and win 7/8?


    • Aug 31st, 2015

    Looks and graphics of Win7 are impressive and it has speech recognition, Backup and restore, bit locker and quick installation of software and Win7 will install drivers automatically.


    • Jul 18th, 2015

    Windows 7 have the facility of split/extend partition on running OS, while Windows XP does not have it.

  • Quorum Disk

    What is Quorum Disk or partition in clustering?


    • Jul 26th, 2012

    A quorum disk or partition is a section of a disk that's set up for use with components of the cluster project. It has a couple of purposes

  • Active Directory User Accounts

    can we create Multiple User Accounts in Active Directory in a single shot? if So what is the command or tool used?

    Sanjay Mishra

    • Oct 25th, 2013

    You can create multiple user account by using dsadd command.
    Create batch file put all user name and require field and execute it.

  • Check OS errors

    which tool is used to check for application and OS errors in a server?


    • Sep 28th, 2011

    Within a windows system event logs capture system, applications, a security events by default. Dependent upon error or events captured there is a plethora of tools which can be used to diagnose and gain in-depth analysis. once such common set of tools are sysinternals suite.

  • how do you backup active directory?


    • Mar 15th, 2012

    Active Directory data store in %SystemRoot%
    tdsNTDS.DIT. The ntds.dit file is the heart of Active Directory including user accounts


    • Mar 2nd, 2012

    You back up active directory by doing a system state backup with either windows back up or a third party backup provider (e.g. Symantec backup exec). When you perform a system state backup the ntds.di...

  • FSMO roles

    What are FSMO roles ? explain them ? which are domain and forest wide FSMO roles?

    Pushpendra Singh

    • Jul 19th, 2011

    Schema Master(Its forest Wide): it has whole information of the data base. Domain Naming(its forest wide): it has whole information of the domain controller Rid Master (Its Domain wide): it is define...


    • Jul 13th, 2011

    1.schema master -forest wide
    2.domain naming master-forest wide
    3.Rid Master -Domain wide
    4.PDC Emulator- Domain wide
    5.Infrastructure master-Domain wide

  • What is DHCP Relay Agent?


    • Dec 4th, 2012

    We use DHCP Relays when DHCP client and server don't reside on the same (V)LAN, as is the case in this scenario. The job of the DHCP relay is to accept the client broadcast and forward it to the server on another subnet.

  • What are the difference between win 2003 and win 2008 OS?


    • May 8th, 2015

    Windows 2008 onwards firewall is more secure. It is having Domain, Public and Private firewalls.

    Dheeraj Joshi

    • Feb 13th, 2015

    Hi friends, Different between window server 2003 and window server 2008. Hyper-V (Virtualization) but only on 64bit versions Active directory recycle bin Active directory administrative center...

  • Active Directory Partitions

    what are active directory partitions? how many directory partitions are there in AD database.

    Suresh Hegde

    • Mar 8th, 2012

    There are three types of Active directory they are
    1) Schema partition
    2) Domain Partition
    3) Configuration and another new partition is application partition it is introduced windows Server 2003 onwards.


    • Jul 15th, 2011

    There are 4 Partition in AD

    (1)Schema partition
    (2)Configuration partition
    (2)Domain partition
    (3) Application partition

  • What is the difference between win 2000 ADS and win 2003 ADS?


    • May 3rd, 2007

    There are many features in windows 2003 domain controller as compares to windows 2000 DC like 1- We can create cross forest link trust . 2- Can rename domain name. 3- More scaleable 4- Have th...