in a single phase induction motor if the number of poles is 4 frequency is 50hz then what is the speed (RPM) of the motor?
in a single phase induction motor if the number of poles is 4 frequency is 50hz then what is the speed (RPM) of the motor?
speed= 120f/p
=120X50/4=1500 rpm
n=120f/p simple.......
practically i feed 50 hz frequency, for 4 pole induction machine, but i not get 1500 instead i get 1440 RPM, can you please tell, why the droping of rpm
Becasue of slip. if it runs on 1500 rpm it will become syn. motor . It is the property of induction motor.
well,n=120*f/p gives the speed of the rotating mmf or the synchronous speed.An induction moor will develop zero torque at this speed and hence will always run at a lower speed(s*n)where s is called the slip.(s is usually in the range .02 to .08 and depends on the load)
f=PNs/120
NS=120f/P
=120*50/4
=1500 rpm
Nr= Rotor Speed will depend on slip.
Nr= Ns(1-s)
how can i select the cable for amps rating
that u can calculate simply by the formulas:
Ns=120*f/p where Ns=speed of the stator ,f =frequency of supply,
and p=no of poles
slip(S)=(Ns-Nr)/Ns
nd rotor frequency fr=S*supply frequency
with the help o fthese formulas you can get wat u want....
cable size primarily depends on its voltage rating or kW
rating of load. From the kW rating, we can calculate the
current that should be carried by cable and the number of
runs required. we also have to calculate voltage drop
during starting and running in case of a motor load.
all things in practice is not ideal,though F=50 Hz. I.M doesnot rotate at 1500RPM by120F/P formula b'use if speed is 1500RPM r,rotor speed =1500RPM,Synchronous flux rotate at 1500RPM ,and EMF induced in the Rotor is zero due to SAME speed hence no induced emf.,no force and Motor will not run.hence slip=Syn.speed-Actual speed =Somthing value Must for rotating motor.