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Thread: Difference between method overriding and overloading

  1. #1
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    Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Is the concept of method overriding different from the concept of overloading. If so how they both differ.


  2. #2
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Hi nancy,there is big difference between both:
    see following example

    When overriding, you change the method behavior for a derived class.
    e.g Clas A
    {
    Virtual void hi(int a)
    {
    }
    }

    Class B:A
    {
    public overrid void hi(int a)
    {

    }
    }

    Overloading simply involves having a method with the same name within the class.

    Example for Over loading

    Class A
    {
    class a()

    {

    }
    class a(int a)
    {
    }
    }


  3. #3
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Method overriding is a feature in Object Oriented programming language. This is used to implement a method for subclass which overrides in other words replaces the implementation of the super class. Overloading the concept of providing different meaning to a object based on the context of its presence. Overloading is one type of polymorphism and this is also a feature in Object Oriented programming language.


  4. #4
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    In overriding,
    The method of a sub class takes priority over its counterpart in the super-class.

    where as in Overloading,
    2 or more methods with same name are available (have no priority over each other) but differ in their declaration and/or definition. Either of them may be executed depending on the number and/or type of arguments passed.

    Any further clarifications? Feel free to ask


  5. #5
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Overriding is the concept of having functions of same name and signature in different classes. one in the super class can be made virtual and other can override the functionality of virtual one.

    Overloading is the concept of having functions of same name, but different signature in same class. They are differentiated by the compiler by their signatures.


  6. #6
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    Smile Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Using overloading and overridding, you can acheive the concept of polymorphism.

    Polymorphism means "one name, multiple forms". Using one name u can do multiple of actions...

    Method overloading is a compile time polymorphism and Method Overridding is a runtime polymorphism...

    Compile time polymorphism means compiler knows which object assigned to which class at the compiling time....Runtime polymorphism means compiler didn't know at the compile time, it only knows at a run time...

    ---------------------
    suresh


  7. #7
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    methjod overloading means one method can callto diffrent sub class of base class and in method overriding method in subclass takes priority over it's counterpart.


  8. #8
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Overloading methods
    1.They appear in the same class or a subclass
    2.They have the same name but, have different parameter lists, and can have different return types.
    An example of an overloaded method is print() in the java.io.PrintStream class

    Overriding methods
    It allows a subclass to re-define a method it inherits from it's superclass
    overriding methods:
    1. It appears in subclasses
    2. They have the same name as a superclass method
    3. They have the same parameter list as a superclass method
    4. They have the same return type as as a superclass method
    5. They have the access modifier for the overriding method may not be more restrictive than the access modifier of the superclass method
    ·If the superclass method is public, the overriding method must be public
    ·If the superclass method is protected, the overriding method may be protected or public
    ·If the superclass method is package, the overriding method may be packagage, protected, or public
    ·If the superclass methods is private, it is not inherited and overriding is not an issue


  9. #9
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    What is overloading in java ?
    In Java it is possible to define two or more methods within the same class that share the same name, as long as their parameter declarations are different. When this is the case,the methods are said to be overloaded, and the process is referred to as method
    overloading. Method overloading is one of the ways that Java implements polymorphism.

    What is Overriding in java ?
    when a method in a subclass has the same name and type signature as a method in its superclass, then the method in the subclass is said to override the method in the superclass. When an overridden method is called from within a subclass, it will always refer to the version of that method defined by the subclass.


  10. #10
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    Thumbs up Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    overlaoding:functions having same name and same signature.It is a run time polymorphism.Eg: virtual function
    overlaoding:function having same name but different signature.It is a compile time polymorphism.Eg: operator overloading and function overloading.


  11. #11
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    method overloading is designtime polymorphism whereas method overriding is runtime polymorphism..
    In overloading the parameters should be uniqe i.e the no of parameters shud differ or if same no of parameters r there the signature shud differ
    why because the compiler should know the methods in complintime only.
    whereas in overriding we reimplement or change the functionality of the base class method in derived class .the no of parameters & return type shud be same ..


  12. #12
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Let me give one example.

    METHOD OVERLOADING

    class human(
    {
    void Hand(two paremeters){
    Eating}
    void Hand(three parameters) {
    Writing }
    void Hand(Five parameters) {
    Fighting }

    METHOD OVERIDING

    class father {

    void Hand(5 parameters){
    Smoking;
    }
    }
    class child extends father{
    void Hand(5 parameters){
    Drinking}
    Thanks


  13. #13
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    Thumbs up Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Quote Originally Posted by nancyphilips View Post
    Is the concept of method overriding different from the concept of overloading. If so how they both differ.
    OverLoading : when u want extend ur feature then u will use OverLoading.
    OverRiding : When u dont want to use the existing feature then u will use OverRiding


  14. #14
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    method overriding and ovverloading

    Overriding method definitions
    In a derived class, if you include a method definition that has the same name and exactly the same number and types of parameters as a method already defined in the base class, this new definition replaces the old definition of the method.

    Explanation
    A subclass inherits methods from a superclass. Sometimes, it is necessary for the subclass to modify the methods defined in the superclass. This is referred to as method overriding. The following example demonstrates method overriding.

    Step 1
    In this example we will define a base class called Circle

    class Circle {

    //declaring the instance variable
    protected double radius;

    public Circle(double radius) {
    this.radius = radius;
    }

    // other method definitions here

    public double getArea() {
    return Math.PI*radius*radius;
    }//this method returns the area of the circle

    }// end of class circle

    When the getArea method is invoked from an instance of the Circle class, the method returns the area of the circle.

    Step 2
    The next step is to define a subclass to override the getArea() method in the Circle class. The derived class will be the Cylinder class. The getArea() method in the Circle class computes the area of a circle, while the getArea method in the Cylinder class computes the surface area of a cylinder.

    The Cylinder class is defined below.

    class Cylinder extends Circle {

    //declaring the instance variable
    protected double length;

    public Cylinder(double radius, double length) {
    super(radius);
    this.length = length;
    }

    // other method definitions here

    public double getArea() { // method overriden here
    return 2*super.getArea()+2*Math.PI*radius*length;
    }//this method returns the cylinder surface area

    }// end of class Cylinder

    When the overriden method (getArea) is invoked for an object of the Cylinder class, the new definition of the method is called and not the old definition from the superclass(Circle).

    Example code
    This is the code to instantiate the above two classes

    Circle myCircle;
    myCircle = new Circle(1.20);

    Cylinder myCylinder;
    myCylinder = new Cylinder(1.20,2.50);

    Please let me know if you need anything more


  15. #15
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Some of the threads are merged for better management of the site.

    MODERATOR


  16. #16
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Overriding is the Functionality by witch a programmer can change the old functionality of any function even if he does`t know that what was the old one.
    But in Overloading you have to change the parameter or the return type. this is the Conceptual difference


  17. #17
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    Thumbs up Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    according to overriding:

    mean - overriding the previous text with new text
    accessing:

    if u want to access this method from the super class to sub class that must be same return type and same method name.

    example

    class Superclass{
    void display()
    {
    System.out.println("this is super class display");
    }
    }
    class Subclass extends Superclass{
    void display()
    {
    System.out.println("this is sub class display");
    }
    }
    class Myclass{
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
    subclass s=new subclass();
    s.display();
    }
    output:
    this is subclass display
    explanation:
    the subclass method display() simply overrided the method in superclass.

    problems:these steps must be follow for overriding the method

    -return type must be same
    -access specifier must be same
    -method name is equal in both classes.

    according to overloading:

    one name with different arguments and the return type may be any one.
    overloading the methods in the same class possible.

    example:
    void display();
    int display(int, int);
    double display(double,double);


  18. #18
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    Smile Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    the one of the biggest difference ....method overriding is run time polymorphism where as method overloading is compile time polymorphism


  19. #19
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    Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    In object oriented programming, Overloading is having the same method name with different signatures by which you can provide a different implementation for the same method name call.

    Overriding has to do with inheritance super and sub class relationship. For overriding, method name and signatures should be same between the superclass and subclass. At runtime depending upon the object whether it is of superclass or subclass the functionality get called at provide different implementations.


  20. #20
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    Lightbulb Re: Difference between method overriding and overloading

    Method overloading means "add" more behavior.
    Method overriding means "Change" existing behavior.


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